To understand the difference between raw material, an active ingredient, technical product and formulated product, it is important to consider what Decree 4.074 / 02 says, in Art. 1:
XXIV – raw material – a substance, product or organism used to obtain an active ingredient, or a product containing it, by chemical, physical or biological process;
XVII – active ingredient or active ingredient – chemical, physical or biological agent that gives effect to pesticides and the like;
XXXVII – technical product – product obtained directly from raw materials by chemical, physical or biological process, intended to obtain formulated products or premixes and whose composition contains defined content of active ingredient and impurities, and may contain stabilizers and related products, such as isomers;
XXXV – formulated product – agro-toxic or related product obtained from technical product or premixture, by means of a physical process, or directly from raw materials by means of physical, chemical or biological processes;
Thus, we exemplify:
The raw material can be the substance found in nature that, after going through a chemical, physical or biological process, becomes an active ingredient.
The technical product (PT) has the active ingredient plus other components, aimed at improving the product.
The formulated product (PF), which is marketed to farmers, is the Technical Product with some more ingredients. Always the PF has the lower concentration than the PT.
In short, these are steps in the process of obtaining the final product.